Archive for the ‘politics’ Category

Politics or Citizenship learning in School

January 30, 2019

Politics or Citizenship learning in School

an ideal studentThe aim of education is to create responsible citizens. Hence, we give much importance to citizenship training. The education should enable them to develop desirable qualities like kindness, truthfulness, responsibility, obedience, discipline etc. as a responsible citizen, he should be aware of his rights and duties. Above all, he should uphold the values of the country such as democracy, equality etc.

Citizenship training does not mean involvement in politics. Of course, politics has a major role in democracy. The students should know about the constitution, how do we elect our representatives and how they make laws. They learn all these facts in schools. If these ideas taught are not enough, more topics on civics, law, and constitution may be included. On the contrary, there is no meaning in students’ engaging in politics. In the earlier stage, if they indulge in politics they will be misguided. They learn nothing from political parties in the present context. They do involve in violence and work for their political masters as blind followers. They are not given the opportunity to think what is right and what is wrong. They are not mature enough to choose a party. On the other hand, they follow the political lines of their parents, teachers and sometimes they are misguided by anti-social elements. In schools, we are giving lessons on family life and their responsibilities in life. But we do not allow them to engage in married life to learn about family. Hence, the arguments are that they should be allowed to work in politics to learn about democracy in baseless.

Students must get proper training to become a good citizen in a democratic country. For this, they should have enough knowledge of the constitution and the functioning of our government. They should be aware of their fundamental rights and responsibilities of a good citizen. More emphasis should be given for the values like democracy, scientific thinking, equality, independence and integrity of the country, security of the country. Students should be given an opportunity to choose their own politics when they become mature. Hence, elders should not try to impose politics on children. They should be allowed to learn more, think more and to choose their own way.

Of course, this is my thinking and you have some different. You can share your thoughts to me and if found any correction then let me inform.

 

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The Jammu Kashmir conflict history

January 7, 2019

kashmir issueThe events that took place in India after World War II prompted London to grant her independence earlier than 1948 when it was scheduled. The bill “on granting self-rule to India” based on “Mountbatten Plan” was adopted on June 3, 1947. The country was divided into two parts with dominion status as required by the bill. The bill offered The Indian Union and plentiful territories either to join one of the dominions or to declare independence under supreme British authority. The latter option meant retaining relations with Britain. The Act on Indian independence was implemented on August 15, 1947, after it was officially approved in the British parliament. After the country was divided into two i.e Indian and Pakistan, Hindu Muslim relations worsened to genocidal proportions.

According to the “Mountbatten Plan”, Kashmir, with large Muslim population became a state of the border of India and newly formed Pakistan on August 15, 1947. But violent smashes over Kashmir began between India and Pakistan on October 22, 1947. Maharaja of Kashmir officially requested India for military assistance and declared his desire to join the Indian Union. The Act on the amalgamation of Kashmir with India was signed on October 27, 1947.

The Indian government requested the UN Security Council to prevent Pakistani “aggression”. But the Kashmir question could not find a permanent solution in the Security Council. The majority of Security Council members supported Pakistan. But USSR defended India. Since it was located near the southern borders of USSR, Western powers desired to see Kashmir as a part of west-oriented Pakistan. The war over Kashmir between India and Pakistan began in April 1948 and continued till January 1, 1949.

A treaty on the provisional military demarcation of boundary dividing Kashmir into two sections was signed on July 27, 1949, after seven months-long negotiations between India and Pakistan in Karachi. In July of 1952, the Delhi treaty between the Indian Republic and Kashmir was signed. Kashmir was included in India as a separate state in accordance with the treaty. The constitution adopted by Kashmir founders Assembly declared Kashmir as an Indian constituency.

Indo Pak relations were always tense though there were no full-scale military clashes from 1949 to 1965. Indo Pak relations worsened over Kashmir in the middle of 1960s. India also faced a conflict with China in October-November of 1962 over a territory of 125,000 sq.km. Playing on the conflict between China and India, the Pakistani government initiated negotiations with India in order to benefits in the issue over Kashmir in 1963. However, no solution to the problem could be arrived at and a new war began in 1965. Pakistani troops invaded Rann of Kutch. Even the agreement signed by the mediation of Britain to cease-fire could not stop it.

People of the Republic of China actively supported Pakistan and condemned Indian aggression against Pakistan in its declaration and seriously aggravated the situation by locating troops near the Indian boundary.

Worrying about further broadening of conflict near the southern borders of USSR, Soviet Prime Minister government Ankosygin expressed his concern about the events to Pakistani president Ayyub Khan and Indian prime minister Lal Bahadur Shastri. He proposed both to meet in Tashkent. The invitation was positively received by both sides. The Tashkent meeting was held on January 4, 1966. A declaration including 5 clauses was signed by both India and Pakistan on January 10, 1966. The declaration reflected accords on a retreat of troops to positions of August 5, 1965; non-interference into each other’s internal affairs, maintaining close neighbor relations.

kashmir conflictPakistan faced a political crisis again at the end of the 1960s. President Ayyub Khan was forced to yield the power to supreme Army commander, General Yahya Khan in March 1969. The political crisis was further coupled with an economic crisis. As a result, the situation deteriorated extremely. Moreover, a new state called Bangladesh emerged in East Pakistan in April 1971. Pakistani military regime considered Indian stand toward events in East Pakistan as gross interference in its internal affairs and began warlike preparations. Yaha khan declared full-scale war on December 4, 1971. India acknowledged the Bangladesh Republic December 6 and began to conduct military operations together with newly created “Mukti Bahini” in East Pakistan. The Pakistani troops attempted to seize Kashmir in the Western front, but they failed. The chief commander of the defeated East Pakistani army surrendered along with 93000 soldiers on December 6.

Thus, Bangladesh was born in erstwhile East Pakistan and in western front, Indian army seized vast territories in Kashmir and Punjab regions. Yaha Khan had to resign after the loss of East Pakistan and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto came to power. In summer of 1972 Bhutto negotiated with Mrs. Indira Gandhi in the Indian city of Shimla and an accord was signed on July 2 as the result of the negotiations. Both parties acknowledged the new life of actual control, established after cease-fire of December 16,1971 as the boundary line in Kashmir. This agreement entered into force on August 4, 1972, after both the parties agreed. The tension between Pakistan and India started to decrease gradually after this agreement. Diplomatic relations were restored in 1976.

However, this peace was not destined to be permanent. The situation in Kashmir started to aggravate again in early 1990. Local Islamists in Kashmir aspired either to gain independence or to join Pakistan. Caution approach of Prime minister Benazir Bhutto’s government to Kashmir question and clashes in Sindh provoked dissatisfaction in the country and Benazir Bhutto was impeached by President’s order on 1990.

Benazir Bhutto was elected Prime minister again in 1993. She tried to concentrate the attention of Muslim countries on Kashmir problem in the Morocco summit of Organization of Islamic Conference and used resources of this influential organization in solving the problem. Although various attempts to settle the Kashmir problem by military means had been made, none of them succeeded. The Indian government, referring to the agreement with Kashmir signed in 1947 and Delhi accords of 1952, considers that Kashmir question has already been legally settled, and regards Pakistan’s pretensions as interference into internal Indian affairs. But Pakistan maintains that Kashmir, which had proclaimed independence in 1947, was illegally seized by India and plays the role of defender of a Muslim population of Kashmir.

The constant tension between both the countries has lasted for over 60 years. The settlement of the Kashmir problem, which provokes periodic clashes and wars, is the matter of great importance for both countries. Large expenditures on accelerated militarization from state budget cause serious impediments for these countries. There is no doubt that allocation of these finances for other important problems would be more expedient.

 

 

Amit Shah arrested in Sohrabuddin case

August 3, 2010

One another funny mystery founded. That is sohrabuddin encounter investigation. CBI is investigating sohrabuddin encounter.

Who was sohrabuddin? He was most wanted accused person in many criminal cases. He was wanted by 4 state police department. He was also involving in terrorism. Sohrabuddin  has out of India illegal  contacts to spread up terrorism in India. He was shot dead on November 26, 2005, near Ahmedabad in encounter with Gujarat Police. That was allegedly fake encounter and sohrabuddin and his wife were killed by Gujarat police.

So many top police officers have been arrested during investigation of CBI (Central Bureau of Investigation). Former home minister Amit Shah was arrested too.

Sohrabuddin was projected as clean character and hero in CBI investigation. All top police officers and including former Home minister Amit Shah were villains of this fake encounter by CBI. Media is following this case to CBI investigation and publishing full coverage of this news.

If police would not be doing an encounter of terrorists and most wanted accused then who will be doing? Encounter of Sohrabuddin was fake or investigation of CBI is fake? I don’t know. But there is some mystery in this investigation. Because there are lots of cases pending in CBI office and CBI occupy its staff for investigation of this single case. There are lot of high qualified persons are investing this case. CBI treats the case as national security. It is indicating that CBI has special interest in this case. Because some another power is controlling CBI and directing too. These all symptoms show simple game to criticize Gujarat Police and Gujarat Government.

Do you think police encounters not happen in all other states? So many encounters are being performed by other stats police. May be all are not legal and some of those fake. But CBI hasn’t interest to investigate those encounters and has special interest in this encounter. In this encounter, Sohrabuddin wasn’t innocent person and might worked for some another connection. But what was he, what was happened it is not news. But what is being proved by CBI that is important.

Indeed some power and political party wants to win particular vote bank using CBI and spoil picture of Gujarat Government. CBI is proving itself as Common Bureau of Investigation but not Central Bureau of Investigation.

Gujarat riots

March 31, 2010

Hi friends,

As you know Gujarat is most sensitive for Hindu-Muslim riots. Following figure shows how many times riots occurred in history of Gujarat.

Year State Chief Minister Party

1969 Gujarat  H. K. Desai          Cong
1982 Gujarat  M.S. Solanki          Cong
1985 Gujarat  M.S. Solanki          Cong
1986 Gujarat  Amarsingh chodhary    Cong
1990 Gujarat  ChimmanbhaiPatel         J.P.
1991 Gujarat  ChimmanbhaiPatel        J.P.
1992 Gujarat  ChimmanbhaiPatel        J.P./Cong
1999 Gujarat  Keshubhai Patel         BJP
2002 Gujarat  Narendra Modi          BJP

These figures is showing that so many riots were happening during many Government of various political parties. During 1985 to 2000 year there were 6 big riots noted. So many innocent people killed during these riots and so many public properties damaged. Popularity rank and Growth of Gujarat was decreasing. Comparison with other states, industrialists didn’t prefer good spot for new development in Gujarat.Gujarat wasn’t safe for people and new industries.

From last 8 years, growth rate of Gujarat is becoming very high and new businesses are being developed. Gujarat is able to attract industrialists to develop new industries example TATA NANO, ADANI etc. Now Gujarat is also getting new tourists and industries. Anybody tell me why this thing is happening?

How is responsible for growth of Gujarat? State Government of BJP or Central Government of Congress?

Up to year of 1999 there was no BJP government established. After 1999 BJP won in Gujarat with majority and made Government. Before 1999,  many government was made by various political parties including Congress and Janata Party. Most of government was made by Congress. Then why this type of growth didn’t find in those history? It indicates that after Government of BJP and specially Chief Minister Narendra Modi is making success to grow popularity and growth of Gujarat in last 8 years. His Government gets success for developing Gujarat in last 8 years which was not happen in last more than 20 years.

Now Gujarat is being developed and getting creditable growth rate in compare to other states of India. All credits are going to successful Chief Minister Narendra Modi of BJP goverment. Because he is getting success to develop Gujarat in last 8 years which was not done in before 20 years. I am appreciating his efforts to make this state GREAT.

Narendra Modi quizzed by sit for 2002 riots

March 29, 2010

Hi friends,

I am pure I.T and technical guy and not having too much knowledge in politics. But I found some strange news yesterday that “Narendra Modi (Chief Minister of Gujarat and strong BJP Leader) was quizzed by SIT (Special Investigation Team) of post Godhra killing and Gujarat riots of 2002”.

Why it is strange news? If you have this question then I can provide some details of this mystery.

After there is being end of suspenseful moments for quarrying Chief Minister Narendra Modi by SIT. There were 63 questions quizzed by Special Investigation Team of Communal riots of 2002 in 9 hours.

After murdered of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi (on October 31, 1984), communal riots occurred in Delhi between Shikh community and others called as ANTI SHIKH riots. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was killed by 2 body guards of her named Satwant Singh and Beant Singh.  But no commission was quizzed to Chief Minister of Delhi.

Even post Babri musjid riots in U.P & Mumbai riots in 1992-1993 no single commission quarrying Chief Minister of Maharastra. After that, In Sangli-Miraj riot also same case was happening. There was nobody questioning to any single Chief Minister after riots.

But then question is that, why Narendra Modi the Chief Minister of Gujarat is only questioned by SIT for Gulbarg Society killing during riot of 2002 (it is post riot of Godhra Kar Sevak killing – Train burning). Because of he is BJP leader or he is more powerful than others in Gujarat. On 27th February,2002 heavy riot was happening in Gujarat. It was reaction of public of Godhra Train burning. During this riot in Gulbarg Society there were 69 people killed. Congress MP Ehsan Zafri was one of them.

In history of India, there were so many riots happening. Some of detail is following. This is partial list because I got only upto 1947-2003.

YEAR STATE CHIEF MINISTER PARTY
1947 W. Bengal Prafull Ghosh Congress
1947 Punjab Gopichand Bhargav Cong.
1964 W. Bengal Prafull Sen Congress
1967 Ranchi Mahamaya Prasad Cong
1968 Asam B.P. Chalina Congress
1969 Gujarat H. K. Desai Congress
1970 Maharashtra V.P. Naik Congress
1972 U.P. K. P. Tripathi Congress
1977 U.P. Ram Naresh J.P
1978 U.P. Ram Nresh Yadav J.P.
1978 Hydrabad J.V. Rav Congress
1979 Jamshedpur Karpoori Thakur J.P.
1980 U.P. V.P. Singh Congress I
1981 Bihar J. Mishar Congress I
1982 U.P. Sripati Mishra Cong. I
1982 Gujarat M.S. Solanki Cong. I
1983 Karnataka Ramkrishna Hedge J.P.
1983 Maharashtra VasantRao Patil Cong. I
1983 Bihar ChandraShekher Cong I
1983 Hydrabad N.T.Ramarao TDP
1984 Maharashtra VasantRao Patil Cong. I
1984 Delhi Cent. Govt. Congress  
1985 Gujarat M.S. Solanki CongressI
1986 Gujarat Amarsingh chodhary Cong.
1987 U.P. Bir Bahadur Singh Cong.
1989 Indore Moti Lal vora Congress
1989 Rajasthan S. C. Mathur Congress
1989 Orissa J.B. Patnaik Congress
1990 Gujarat ChimmanbhaiPatel J.P.
1990 Rajasthan B.S. shekhawat J.P.
1990 U.P. Mulayam Singh SJP
1990 Delhi Central Government  
1990 Assam P.K. Mahantha AGP
1990 Maharashtra Sharad Pawar Congress
1990 Bihar Jagannath Mishara Cong
1990 M.P. Sunderlal Patwa BJP
1990 Karnataka S. Bangarappa Congress
1990 Hydrabad M.C. Reddy Congress
1991 U.P. Kalyan Singh BJP
1991 Gujarat ChimmanbhaiPatel J.P.
1992 Bihar Laloo Prasad Yadav JD
1992 Gujarat ChimmanbhaiPatel J.P.
1992 Bombay Sudhakarrao naik NCP
1992 M.P. Sunderlal Patwa BJP
1995 Tamilnadu Jayalalita AIADMK
1995 Karnataka HD Devegoda JD
1995 Kerala AK Antony Congress
1995 Bihar Laloo yadav RJD
1995 Hydrabad Chandrababu Naidu TDP
1998 Rajasthan B S Shekhawat JP
1998 U.P. Kalyan Singh BJP
1998 Hydrabad Chandrababu Naidu TDP
1998 Bihar Rabri Devi RJD
1998 Karnataka JH Patel JP
1999 Gujarat Keshubhai Patel BJP
2001 Bihar Rabri Devi RJD
2001 U.P. Rajnath singh BJP
2001 Maharashtra Vilasrao Deshmukh Cong.
2001 Malegaon Vilasrao Deshmukh Cong.
2002 Gujarat Narendra Modi BJP
2002 Maharashtra Sushil shinde Congress
2003 Kerala A.K Antony Congress

Now tell me which Chief Minster has been examined by any of Commission of Riots? Answer is only Narendra Modi the Chief Minister of Gujarat from BJP. Why other doesn’t has been quizzed by any of commission of riots?

Reason may be anything…..

Narendra Modi is very popular BJP leader in Gujarat.  Day by day this popularity is increasing in other stats also due to heavy development in Gujarat during his ministry. In last election there were so many industrialists also projected him as Prime Minister of India. Due to increasing popularity of Narendra Modi, he is facing this type of problem. This is nothing but politics and educated public knows this truth.

Still I don’t know what is real fact.  Who knows?

For taking figures of list of riots you can check following links for more detail of riot list of Indian history.

http://blbsrgupta.instablogs.com/entry/communal-riots-in-india-do-not-devide-the-country/
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Karnataka-high-on-communal-riots-list/articleshow/5414930.cms

http://se1.isn.ch/serviceengine/Files/ISN/29056/ipublicationdocument_singledocument/3DB53371-F675-4C0C-8E2B-CA61F8DB3321/en/3_Communal_Riots_in_India.pdf

Thanks and regards,

Gitesh Trivedi